The Dire Needs of the Educational Revolution 4.0

Sampoerna University- Faculty of Education

Let’s imagine our grandparents assimilate into our today’s classroom in Indonesia. Probably the physical infrastructures are better as they are more modern. “But to which extent the previous generation can survive our current education system and curriculum? If they can relatively easily adapt to the system and curriculum, it means there’s a big problem so we must do something about it,” stated our Dean of Faculty of Education, Iwan Syahril, Ph. D. ,about the needs of the Educational Revolution 4.0 at Educators Gathering talk on August 21, 2019 at Student Union Hall, Sampoerna University campus.

The gathering was joined by a number of teachers and principals from schools around Jakarta and the Greater Area. Focusing on rethinking teaching and redesigning learning for future learners as the main theme, the dean proposes the idea of education revolution in the country.

“Education, as Ki Hajar Dewantara said, is the place to cultivate the seeds of culture or civilization. So we cannot take it for granted. We must constantly ask ourselves if our schools of today can lead the learning of tomorrow,” he stressed on the importance of education revolution to keep up with the rapidly changing world where only changes stay constant and everything else keeps evolving.

He also reiterated that our human kinds have undegone four Industrial Revolutions. The first hapened in 1780 when James Watt invented the steam engine. The second began around 1900s thanks to Henry Ford’s invention of production line and electricity. The third revolution started circa 1970 when the computer seized the global attention.

“Along with these revolutions, we also saw education revolutions. For example, when the first Industrial Revolution began in 1780, people only had to learn with on-the-job apprenticeship to succeed in their respected fields/ careers. The education was also still seen as a luxury,” Dr. Iwan added.

But in the fourth Industrial Revolution, things have changed drastically: we’re all now hyperconnected by computers and the internet and education is no longer a luxury for the rich and royal families. But still, explained Dr. Iwan, there is no revolution in education.

“So far there’s no education revolution apart from long distance learning and a vast amount of accessible information. The structure of our education system has still been left unchallenged,” Dr. Iwan said. The evidence is our students’ learning outcomes are still being tested by the criteria set out in the second industrial revolution, while our educators and students are treated as if they were parts of a production line. And this has to change, he concluded. (*/)